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Equisolon 33 mg/g Oral Powder For Horses 180g

Item Number: EQUISOLON

Equisolon 33 mg/g Oral Powder For Horses 180g
  • 180g

    £ 123.49

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Description

Indicated for the alleviation of inflammatory and clinical parameters associated with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) in horses, in combination with environmental control.

Dosage and administration
For oral use.
To ensure administration of the correct dose, body weight should be determined as accurately as possible to avoid under- or overdosing.
A single dose of 1 mg prednisolone/kg body weight per day corresponding to 3 g powder per 100 kg body weight.
Treatment may be repeated at 24 hour intervals during 10 consecutive days.
The correct dose should be mixed into a small amount of food.
Food mixed with the veterinary medicinal product should be replaced if not consumed within 24 hours.


Data Sheets

Equisolon® Oral Powder for Horses Species:Horses and other equidae

Therapeutic indication:Pharmaceuticals: Anti-inflammatory preparations: Oral: Other steroids

Active ingredient:Prednisolone

Product:Equisolon® Oral Powder for Horses

Product index:Equisolon Oral Powder for Horses

Withdrawal notes:Meat and offal: 10 days. Not authorised for use in mares producing milk for human consumption.

Qualitative and quantitative composition

Equisolon 100 mg oral powder for horses:

Active substance:

100 mg prednisolone per 3 g sachet

Equisolon 300 mg oral powder for horses:

Active substance:

300 mg prednisolone per 9 g sachet

Equisolon 600 mg oral powder for horses:

Active substance:

600 mg prednisolone per 18 g sachet

Pharmaceutical form

Oral powder. White to off-white powder.

Clinical particulars

Target species

Horses.

Indications for use

Alleviation of inflammatory and clinical parameters associated with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) in horses, in combination with environmental control.

Contraindications

Do not use in known cases of hypersensitivity to the active substance, to corticosteroids or to any of the excipients.

Do not use in viral infections during the viraemic stage or in cases of systemic mycotic infections.

Do not use in animals suffering from gastrointestinal ulcers.

Do not use in animals suffering from corneal ulcers.

Do not use during pregnancy.

Special warnings for each target species

Corticoid administration is to induce an improvement in clinical signs rather than a cure. The treatment should be combined with environmental control.

Each case should be assessed individually by the veterinarian and an appropriate treatment program determined. Treatment with prednisolone should only be initiated when satisfactory alleviation of clinical symptoms have not been obtained or are unlikely to be obtained by environmental control alone.

Treatment with prednisolone may not sufficiently restore respiratory function in all cases, and in each individual case the use of medicinal products with more rapid onset of action may need to be considered.

Special precautions for use in animals

Do not use in animals suffering from diabetes mellitus, renal insufficiency, cardiac insufficiency, hyperadrenocorticism, or osteoporosis.

Use of corticosteroids in horses has been reported to induce laminitis (see Adverse reactions). Therefore horses should be monitored frequently during the treatment period.

Because of the pharmacological properties of prednisolone, use with caution when the veterinary medicinal product is used in animals with a weakened immune system.

Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals

People with known hypersensitivity to corticosteroids or any of the excipients must not be in contact with the veterinary medicinal product.

Due to the risk of foetal malformation, the veterinary medicinal product must not be administered by pregnant women.

It is recommended to wear gloves and a protective mask during handling and administration of the product.

In order to prevent dust formation, do not shake the veterinary medicinal product.

Adverse reactions

Very rarely, laminitis has been observed after use of the product. Therefore horses should be monitored frequently during the treatment period.

Very rarely, neurological signs such as ataxia, recumbency, head tilting, restlessness or incoordination have been observed after use of the product.

Whilst single high doses of corticosteroids are generally well tolerated, they may induce severe side effects in long term use. Dosage in medium to long term use should therefore generally be kept to the minimum necessary to control symptoms.

The significant dose related cortisol suppression very commonly noticed during therapy is a result of effective doses suppressing the hypothalamo-pituitreal adrenal axis.

Following cessation of treatment, signs of adrenal insufficiency extending to adrenocortical atrophy can arise and this may render the animal unable to deal adequately with stressful situations.

A significant increase in triglycerids occurs very commonly. This can be a part of possible iatrogenic hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings disease) involving significant alteration of fat, carbohydrate, protein and mineral metabolism, e.g. redistribution of body fat, increase in body weight, muscle weakness and wastage and osteoporosis may result.

An increase of alkaline phosphatase by glucocorticoids is very rarely observed and could be related to enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly) with increased serum hepatic enzymes.

Gastrointestinal ulceration has been very rarely reported and gastrointestinal ulceration may be exacerbated by steroids in animals given non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and in animals with spinal cord trauma (see Contraindications). Other gastrointestinal symptoms that have been very rarely observed are colic and anorexia.

Excessive sweating has been very rarely observed. Very rarely urticaria has been observed.

The frequency of adverse reactions is defined using the following convention:

- very common (more than 1 in 10 animals treated displaying adverse reaction(s))

- common (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 100 animals treated)

- uncommon (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 1,000 animals treated)

- rare (more than 1 but less than 10 animals in 10,000 animals treated)

- very rare (less than 1 animal in 10,000 animals treated, including isolated reports).

Use during pregnancy and lactation

The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established in horses during pregnancy, and the product is contraindicated for use in pregnant horses (please see Contraindications).

Administration in early pregnancy is known to have caused foetal abnormalities in laboratory animals. Administration in late pregnancy is likely to cause abortion or early parturition in ruminants and may have a similar effect in other species.

Interactions

The concomitant use of this veterinary medicinal product with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may exacerbate gastrointestinal tract ulceration. Because corticosteroids can reduce the immunoresponse to vaccination, prednisolone should not be used in combination with vaccines or within two weeks after vaccination.

Administration of prednisolone may induce hypokalaemia and hence increase the risk of toxicity from cardiac glycosides. The risk of hypokalaemia may be increased if prednisolone is administered together with potassium depleting diuretics.

Amounts to be administered and administration route

Oral use.

To ensure administration of the correct dose, body weight should be determined as accurately as possible to avoid under- or overdosing.

A single dose of 1 mg prednisolone/kg body weight per day corresponds to 100 mg prednisolone in a 3 g sachet per 100 kg body weight (see dosing table below).

Treatment may be repeated at 24 hour intervals during 10 consecutive days.

The correct dose should be mixed into a small amount of food.

Food mixed with the veterinary medicinal product should be replaced if not consumed within 24 hours.

Sachets of different pack size can be combined to achieve the correct dose, as per the table below:

Number of Sachets

Body weight (kg) of horse 100 mg prednisolone (3 g sachet) 300 mg prednisolone (9 g sachet) 600 mg prednisolone (18 g sachet)
100-200 2
200-300 1
300-400 1 1
400-500 2 1
500-600 1
600-700 1 1
700-800 2 1
800-900 1 1
900-1000 1 1 1
Overdose

Short-term administration of even large doses is unlikely to cause serious harmful systemic effects. However, chronic usage of corticosteroids may lead to serious adverse effects (please see Adverse reactions).

Withdrawal periods

Meat and offal: 10 days.

Not authorised for use in mares producing milk for human consumption.

Pharmacological particulars

Pharmacotherapeutic group: corticosteroid for systemic use, glucocorticoid.

ATCvet code: QH02AB06

Pharmacodynamic properties

Prednisolone is an intermediate acting corticosteroid having about 4 times the anti-inflammatory activity and about 0.8 times the sodium-retaining effect of cortisol. Corticosteroids suppress the immunologic response by inhibition of dilatation of capillaries, migration and function of leucocytes and phagocytosis. Glucocorticoids have an effect on metabolism by increasing gluconeogenesis. Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is a commonly occurring respiratory disease in mature horses. Affected horses are susceptible to inhaled antigens and other pro-inflammatory agents, including fungal spores and dust-derived endotoxin. Where medical treatment of horses with RAO is required, glucocorticoids are effective in controlling clinical signs and decreasing neutrophilia in airways.

Pharmacokinetic properties

Following oral administration in horses prednisolone is readily absorbed giving a prompt response which is maintained for approximately 24 hours. The overall average Tmax is 2.5 ± 3.1 hours, Cmax is 237 ± 154 ng/ml and AUCt is 989 ± 234 ng∙h/ml. T½ is 3.1 ± 2.3 hours but is not meaningful from a therapy standpoint when evaluating systemic corticosteroids.

Bioavailability after oral administration is about 60%. Partial metabolism of prednisolone to the biologically inert substance prednisone takes place. Equal amounts of prednisolone, prednisone, 20β-dihydroprednisolone and 20β-dihydroprednisone are found in urine. Excretion of prednisolone is complete within 3 days.

Multiple dosing does not result in plasma accumulation of prednisolone.

Pharmaceutical particulars

Incompatibilities

In the absence of compatibility studies this veterinary medicinal product must not be mixed with other veterinary medicinal products.

Shelf life

Shelf life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 3 years

Sachets are for single use and should be disposed after use/opening.

Shelf life after incorporation into meal or pelleted feed: 24 hours

Special precautions for storage

Opened sachets should not be stored.

Immediate packaging

Cardboard box containing 20 pentalaminate sachets (inner coating LDPE) of 3 g (containing 100 mg prednisolone), or 10 sachets of 9 g (containing 300 mg prednisolone) or 18 g (containing 600 mg prednisolone) of oral powder.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Disposal

Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

Marketing Authorisation Holder (if different from distributor)

Le Vet BV, Wilgenweg 7, 3421 TV Oudewater, The Netherlands.

Marketing Authorisation Number

EU/2/14/161/001: 100 mg

EU/2/14/161/002: 300 mg

EU/2/14/161/003: 600 mg

Significant changes

Date of the first authorisation or date of renewal

12 March 2014

Date of revision of the text

Detailed information on this veterinary medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency (http://www.ema.europa.eu/).

Any other information

For animal treatment only. To be supplied only on veterinary prescription. Keep out of the sight and reach of children.

Legal category

Legal category:POM-V

Delivery

Shipping charges mainland UK zone1

ValueWeightDelivery Charge
Over £49.00Any WeightFREE
Under £49.00No weight limit£4.50
Under £49.00Under 250g£2.99

Most orders are despatched the same day and standard delivery is 3 to 5 working days from despatch. FAST Expedited options are available.

NB: Orders placed with faster delivery must be placed before 13:00 to ensure same day dispatch (excluding weekends and bank holidays). Please also check on the product page that the items ordered show 'In Stock' otherwise your order will be delayed until the stock becomes available, which in most cases will only be 24hrs.

Estimated "Usually shipped in" information is shown against most products

Overseas orders

Postage outside of the UK is from £4.50

Prescription Items

Prescription items will be sent on receipt of a valid signed and dated prescription.

Pick up

We offer a pickup service for orders placed over the phone.

Please ring us on 01833 641112 for more information.

Refrigerated Items

Refrigerated items will be sent by carrier or Royal Mail with coolpacks unless you pay for a premium for a refrigerated delivery. We will contact you prior to despatch for your instructions.

Returns

We want you to be completely satisfied with any purchase. If not any item* can be returned to us within 14 days of receipt for exchange or refund Please give us a ring for a returns number on 01833 641112 or alternatively email [email protected] to obtain a returns number.

*Due to legal requirements medicines may not be returned except to correct an error in despatch or in response to an "official recall". If an item is believed to be faulty it should be returned for inspection and it may be necessary to forward it to the manufacturers for testing before replacements or refunds can be authorised. This does not infringe legal rights. Please contact our customer services for a "Returns Number" which must appear on the outside of the package or it will not be accepted. We advise customers to use an insured method of shipping and to retain proof of despatch. We may refuse returns on products specially obtained or manufactured to order. Items must be returned unsoiled and unused and sent adequately packed and carriage paid.

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