Aqupharm No.1 0.9 % w/v Solution for infusion.
Dogs and Cats
For the treatment of dehydration to correct water and electrolyte depletion. It is indicated in severe vomiting of acute onset where excessive losses of chloride ions occur and those conditions where the lodgement of foreign bodies interfere with ingestion, i.e. where there is vomiting and/or endotoxic shock.
Once these losses have been replaced, it should be substituted by Aqupharm No. 18 to avoid the administration of an excess of sodium ions. Additional oral potassium supplements may be required with protracted use.
Amount(s) to be administered and administration route
Remove the outer bag and protective giving set inlet tab. Push cannula fully into giving set. Prime giving set. Perform venepuncture and immediately attach giving set. Adjust infusion rate as required. Delivery is from a closed circuit; it does not need an air inlet.
Giving sets should be changed every 24 hours.
The quantity of fluid and electrolyte for administration will consider existing deficits, maintenance needs and continuing losses.
The existing deficit is that which has been lost prior to examination. This must be estimated by evaluating the patient's history, making a physical examination and using laboratory aids. Maintenance therapy is to replace normal losses via urine, faeces, respiratory tract and skin. As a general rule, maintenance therapy requires 50ml/Kg bodyweight/day. Continuing losses during a disease period should be estimated whenever possible, i.e. quantity of vomit, diarrhoea or blood loss.
The clinical response of an animal rather than formulae or equations should be used to guide fluid therapy. The intravenous route of administration is preferred.
Indwelling intravenous catheters offer significant advantages in intravenous fluid therapy. Subcutaneous administration may be used for isotonic and non-irritating solutions.
The rate of administration should be considered with each individual patient. The aim should be to correct about half of the calculated deficit in the first 1-2 hours. As a general rule the following formula is the maximum satisfactory rate (less where cardiovascular or pulmonary disease exists).
Maximum rate = Body wt (Kg) x 90 = ml fluid per hour
This rate should be slowed after the first hour and considerably slowed if no urine flow is established. Signs of over rapid administration include restlessness, moist lung sounds, tachycardia, tachypnoea, nasal discharge, coughing, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Packaging Format 1
Shelf-life of the 500ml and 1000ml bags as packaged for sale: 2 years.
Packaging Format 2
Shelf-life of the 250ml, 500ml and 1000ml bags as packaged for sale: 3 years
Shelf-life of the 100ml bag as packaged for sale: 2 years
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